Rep. Khanna, Sen. Warren Announce the Protection of Civilians in Military Operations Act
Washington, D.C. – Today, Rep. Ro Khanna (D-CA), member of the House Armed Services Committee (HASC) and Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), member of the Senate Armed Services Committee (SASC), announced the Protection of Civilians in Military Operations Act, bicameral legislation that would enhance reporting on civilian casualties resulting from U.S. military operations, improve investigations into civilian casualties, and strengthen resources for the Department of Defense (DoD) policies and practices relating to civilian casualty prevention and responses. The House version will be introduced during the next pro forma session on Thursday June 11, 2020. The Senate version was introduced today.
"We must take rigorous steps to improve civilian casualties reporting, investigations, and resourcing," said Rep. Khanna. "Proud to introduce this legislation with Senator Warren to ensure that the Pentagon provides accurate data not only on civilians killed in direct U.S. military operations, but also on civilians killed by U.S. partner forces, such as the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen. This bill also takes the essential step of requiring the Pentagon to establish a publicly accessible database of its investigations into civilian casualties. Maximizing transparency will prevent further loss of life."
"In order to uphold our nation's core values and advance our interests overseas, we need to openly consider all of the costs and benefits and the consequences of military action -- and that includes doing everything we can to prevent civilian deaths," said Sen. Warren. "The Protection of Civilians in Military Operations Act strengthens investigations, reporting, and resources related to preventing and reducing civilian casualties, reinforcing the importance of protecting civilians as a national security priority and a moral and ethical imperative."
The Protection of Civilians in Military Operations Act would do the following:
- Improve the Annual Report on Civilian Casualties in Connection with U.S. Military Operations: Requires DoD to include in its annual civilian casualties report a list of each advise, assist, accompany, and enable (A3E) mission during which civilian casualties or human rights abuses by foreign partner forces were observed or later reported, as well as any measures in place for preventing, mitigating, and responding to civilian deaths or injuries that occur during these missions conducted with U.S. military personnel; and requires an unclassified version of the annual civilian casualties report to be made available on DoD's website at the same time it is submitted to Congress.
- Ensure Integrity of Civilian Casualty Investigations: Requires U.S. military commanders to select an officer from outside their unit or chain of command to conduct an investigation into civilian casualties arising from that unit's or command's military operations; and requires personnel involved in civilian casualty investigations to be separate from those who are directly involved in military operations.
- Require Combatant Commands to Coordinate with the State Department on Civilian Casualty Matters: Requires each commander of a geographic combatant command to establish an uninterrupted line of communication between his or her command and the Chief of Mission (or the Chief's designee) in any country in which a command is conducting military operations, in order to field and coordinate reports of civilian casualties resulting from U.S. military operations undertaken by a command in a given country.
- Establish a Public Database on Reports of Civilian Casualty Investigations: Requires the Defense Secretary to establish, and annually update, a central, searchable, and publicly accessible database for all DoD reports of investigations into the civilian casualties resulting from U.S. military operations, and the results of such investigations.
- Provide Resources to Implement New Defense Department Policy on Civilian Casualties: Requires the establishment in 7 of the 11 combatant commands (Central Command, Africa Command, Special Operations Command, European Command, Southern Command, Indo-Pacific Command, and Northern Command ) of at least two personnel charged with issuing guidance on and overseeing civilian casualty prevention and responses; and authorizes a maximum of $5 million annually from DoD's existing funds in each of fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023 for the Department to conduct training on civilian casualty prevention and responses, to implement the DoD-wide civilian casualties policy, and to establish and maintain the civilian casualty investigation reports database.
Endorsing Groups: Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC), Human Rights First, Common Defense, Human Rights Watch, Friends Committee on National Legislation (FCNL), and Amnesty International USA.
Full text of the bill here.
Heather Purcell (Khanna): 202-251-0762
Ashley Woolheater (Warren): 202-224-2292
# # #
About the Office
Congressman Khanna represents the 17th District of California, which covers communities in Silicon Valley. Visit his website at khanna.house.gov. Follow him on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter @RepRoKhanna.